The ESPRESSO Content Portal act as container of training material on Smart City standards. The ECP contains a Smart City Link Collection, Training Videos, the ESPRESSO Smart City Strategic Growth Map, and bets practice examples. In order to ensure a simple application of the training material, the structure is adapted to the CityKeys KPI’s.


The People side of sustainability refers to the long term attractiveness of cities for a wide range of inhabitants and users. Aspects include quality of living for everyone, especially for the most vulnerable citizens, education, health care, social inclusion, etc.


  • Health: improving the quality and accessibility of the public health system for everyone and encouraging a healthy lifestyle
  • Safety: lowering the rate of crime and accidents
  • Access to (other) services: providing better access for everyone to transport, amenities and affordable services in physical and virtual space
  • Education: improving accessibility and quality of education for everyone
  • Diversity and social cohesion: promoting diversity, community engagement and social cohesion to increase the sense of community.
  • Quality of housing and the built environment: encourage mixed-income areas, ensure high quality and quantity of public spaces and recreational areas, and improve the affordability and accessibility to good housing for everyone.
  • Example:


The ”Planet” aspect of sustainability in the first place refers to contributing to a ‘cleaner’ city with a higher resource efficiency and biodiversity and being better adapted to impacts of future climate change such as (in Europe) increased flooding risk, more frequent heat waves and droughts. Included in this theme are thus less consumption of fossil fuels and more generation and use of renewable energy, lower waste generation and less air pollution. As our planet extends beyond the city boundary, impacts of urban consumption in other parts of the world, are explicitly included.


  • Energy and mitigation: Reduce energy consumption, use waste energy and produce renewable energy
  • Materials, water and land: Creating a society that treats its resources (materials, water, food and land) more efficiently and sustainably, among others by decreasing consumption and increasing recycling and renewable production (thereby considering ‘spill-overs’ to other resources).
  • Climate resilience: Adapting to climate change by increasing the resilience of vulnerable areas/elements.
  • Pollution and waste: Decreasing the emissions to the environment (in the city or elsewhere) (e.g. waste, noise and pollution to air, water and soil).
  • Ecosystem: stimulating biodiversity and nature conservation
  • Example:


Contributing to a prosperous and equal society and supporting affordable, green and smart solutions. On the project level Prosperity stands for economic viability and the value of a smart city project for a neighbourhood, for its users and its stakeholders, and even its indirect economic effect on other entities. Economic or financial indicators often need to be accompanied with an in-depth description of the business case, as single indicators are insufficient to evaluate e.g. the distribution of costs and investments.


  • Employment: Improving local employment opportunities and skills
  • Equity: decreasing poverty and income inequality
  • Green economy: improving the circular and sharing economy and sustainable/local consumption and production.
  • Economic performance: increasing GDP and project performance (internal performance)
  • Competitiveness and attractiveness: Improving the appeal of the city for residents and businesses.
  • Innovation: facilitates innovation and creativity (through e.g. open data, knowledge sharing and cyber resilience).
  • Example:


Contributes to a successful process of project implementation as well as to a city with an efficient administration and a well-developed local democracy, thereby engaging citizens proactively in innovative ways.


  • Multilevel governance: Increasing support for smart city initiatives by providing smart city policies and budget at different government levels.
  • Organisation: Facilitate the implementation of (integrated) smart city policies by improving the organisation of the project/city with regards to;
    • The composition, structure and quality of the project team/city administration;
    • The quality of the implementation process;
    • Sound leadership by the project leader(s) and city politicians;
    • Transparency of the organisation.
  • Community involvement: increasing citizen participation and enhancing the active involvement of end-users, the community and professional stakeholders in city developments.
  • Example:


Improving the replicability and scalability of smart city project solutions at wider city scale. Propagation is about the potential for dissemination to other locations, other contexts and other cities. Propagation (both transfer to other locations and countries, and up-scaling from small single projects) depends in the first place on inherent characteristics of the (innovative) smart city project. In practice propagation also depends on external factors such as market conditions.


  • Scalability: Increasing the potential for scaling up successful SC solutions (considering both geographic scale and thematic integration potential) to achieve wider impact in the city.
  • Replicability: Increasing the potential for replicating successful SC solutions in other cities.
  • Example: